These vernaculars can survive only if they are passed on from one generation to another. Wherever we live in Uttarakhand or other than that, if we love our languages, then we have to hand it over to our generation just like the previous generation handed it over to us. Apart from this, one of the most suitable medium is that the state government should make these languages a part of the curriculum. Work is also being done under this. The Garhwali course has been started in the primary classes (1-5) under Pauri block by the District Magistrate of Pauri district. This may prove to be a milestone in this direction. Even though these languages are not included in the 8th schedule of our constitution, But the government can make them a part of the curriculum. Article 345 of the Constitution allows us to do this. It states that the Legislature of a State may adopt any one or more of the languages in use in that State or Hindi as the language or languages to be used for all or any of the official purposes of that State. . Not only this, Article 350A also talks about providing education in one's own language at the primary level. A question that is asked for these languages not being languages is that these languages do not have their own script. The one which does not have a script is called a dialect. So even English has no script. In this way, even English is not a language. This question may be relevant now. For not having a language, it is asked that these languages do not have their own script. The one which does not have a script is called a dialect. So even English has no script. In this way, even English is not a language. This question may be relevant now. For not having a language, it is asked that these languages do not have their own script. The one which does not have a script is called a dialect. So even English has no script. In this way, even English is not a language. This question may be relevant now.
When it comes to languages, the place of literature is important. Unfortunately, most of the world's vernaculars do not have written literature. Only one third of the world's languages have written literature. Efforts are being made to create literature in the folk languages of Uttarakhand especially Garhwali, Kumaoni, Jaunsari, Rawalti, Jaunpuri etc. For some time now, but very few people are associated with such a campaign. . Now take the example of Garhwali, in this, magazines like "Chit Patri", Bugyal, Hilans, Anjwal used to be published but they were closed due to weak economic side. The "Dhad" magazine has got a revival due to the efforts of Garhwali poet and senior journalist Ganesh Kushal 'Gani'. This monthly magazine is being published regularly since last few years. Similarly fortnightly newspaper "Rant Raibar". From Kathgodam for last few years "Kumgarh" Patrika is being published which are magazines in both Garhwali and Kumaoni languages. It can be said unfortunate that the attitude of the government towards the local language newspapers and magazines is not positive. A magazine cannot be kept alive for a long time only by individual efforts. The economic side of magazines like "Dhad" and "Kumgarh" is also weak. Because of this, Jaunsar's magazine "Meghali" gets published only once in a year. The languages which are small have unwritten literature like the people there, sayings and stories. Songs idioms, proverbs etc. The good news is that in the Internet world, some people are showing affection for these languages, but in this context, Raji Buksayani, Bangadi, Jad, There is a lack of awareness among the people of languages like Marchha etc. Useful poetry collections have also come up over the years in some vernacular languages, especially Garhwali. Whatever has been written or is being written, the availability of that literature should also be easy.
Along with the creation of literature, its easy availability is also a very big subject. Today a lot is being written but its availability is limited to limited places. Even today this important literature is far away from the masses.
Source of inspiration: The article "Folk Languages of Uttarakhand" by "Dhamendra Pant ji " published in the National Book Trust's quarterly magazine, Book Sanskriti .
Author: Mr. Kuldeep Singh Rauthan